Toilet as Vanity Space
Green Toilet in Mukuru, Changing a community from the toilet
Name: Green Toilet in MukuruSlums
Name of School: Maendeleo Learning Centre
Client& Sponsor: LIXIL Corporation Japan, Improved Sanitation in Schools Program
Design: Dick Olango, OSA Social Design Group
Design Period: Jan – Mar, 2014
Construction Period: April – June 2014
Appliances and Equipment: LIXIL toilet
About Mukuru Slums
Mukuru slums islocated in the heart of Nairobi county with a population of about 500,000 people. Despite being in Nairobi County, there is no proper drainage and piped water systems reaching the schools. Water-Flush toilets are not used because of lack of proper disposal infrastructure by the authority. The only option is the use of pit latrine, which when full; is vacuumed and carelessly disposed in the nearby trench. This creates high risk for contamination of water borne diseases.
Maendeleo Learning Centre
Toilet shack as it was before
From waste to resource
LIXIL CORPORATION, a leading housing building and appliances manufacturer in Japan commissioned green toilet project. LIXIL did provide the technical expertise around the toilet.
This toilet is based on an old technology and new technology. Designed as a squat toilet, it is a non-flushing, all natural allowing for separation of the excrements and use as fertilizers. With the use of removable containers the excrements are collected and changed upon getting full. The design has allowed for an onsite storage and decomposing section for the excrements. The design also captures the following:
1. The is 100% rain water collection
2. Natural ventilation and lighting
3. Plants that will for natural curtains and provide food
A shift in the preset mind set, almost a taboo to discuss about poop to open discussions regarding waste is being witnessed.
The Vanity Space
The toilet provides well naturally ventilated and naturally lit space that allows the kids to spend most of their free time in the toilet powder space, especially for the girls. Girls normally do miss roughly 4 days per month because of the menstrual period, which account for a great loss in education to the children.
Through education on sanitation, there is ripple effect where the kids ‘educate’ their parents on the importance of regarding the waste as resource.
Local communities taking charge of the maintenance of toilet, plants and being the pioneer trainers for future roll out. There is awareness creation and job creation at the same time;this coming from the once almost taboo topic: toilet and poop.
Compost yard for the resource
Natural lighting and ventilation
L Compartment for temporary storage of the waste. R Community workers, source of income
By Dick Olango JIA, Principal architect-AOAD,Partner-OSA Social Design Group